I am an Associate Professor of Political Science in McMaster University, Canada. My work focuses on authoritarian resilience and the political representation of women and ethnic minorities. I am interested in the socio-political developments in East and Southeast Asia, especially given my early education and work experience in Singapore. I am presently pursuing several interrelated research projects. The first is the completion of my book manuscript on Hegemonic Party Survival in Singapore and Taiwan, and the second concerns the effects of electoral manipulations and social media on authoritarian regimes. Additionally, I am also working on new methods to study the substantive representation of elected women and minority leaders. You will find more information about my research, teaching and other collaborations on this website.

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NEW COURSE! Register POLSCI 3H03 for Winter 2020 NOW!

Digital authoritarianism – the use of digital technology by a state to surveil, repress and manipulate domestic and foreign populations – is on the rise around the world. In this course, we examine why digital authoritarianism gains global momentum, how both democratic and autocratic governments use digital tools to manipulate public opinion, and what impact the “big data”, technological tools and platforms have on democracy. Drawing from global and comparative politics literature, we begin the course by surveying the causes of global democratic regression and examine how digital dictators in China and Russia project “sharp power” by interfering in elections, hacking and spreading disinformation in established democracies. We then examine the emerging digital threats to cybersecurity, digital censorships and the use of bots, troll factories, memes to spread disinformation, mistrust and hate. We conclude the course by comparing the efficacy of digital activism and the approaches taken by the governments, digital platforms and citizens to regulate the cyber-chaos.

Political parties must ACT now to assure voters of clean online campaigning

This General Election will be the most internet-reliant in the republic’s history … Continue Reading


The Department of Political Science at McMaster University stands in solidarity with Black communities at home and around the world in condemning all forms of racial injustice and acknowledging in particular the suffering that Black people everywhere continue to endure as a result of systemic anti-Black racism. As political scientists, we study how power functions … Continue reading DEPARTMENT OF POLITICAL SCIENCE STATEMENT ON ANTI-BLACK RACISM